Prospective Validation and Refinement of a Population Pharmacokinetic Model of Fludarabine in Children and Young Adults Undergoing Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
Fludarabine is a nucleoside analog with antileukemic and immunosuppressive activity commonly used in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Several fludarabine population pharmacokinetic (popPK) and pharmacodynamic models have been published enabling the movement towards precision dosing of fludarabine in pediatric HCT; however, developed models have not been validated in a prospective cohort of patients. In this multicenter pharmacokinetic study, fludarabine plasma concentrations were collected via a sparse-sampling strategy. A fludarabine popPK model was evaluated and refined using standard nonlinear mixed effects modelling techniques. The previously described fludarabine popPK model well-predicted the prospective fludarabine plasma concentrations. Individuals who received model-based dosing (MBD) of fludarabine achieved significantly more precise overall exposure of fludarabine. The fludarabine popPK model was further improved by both the inclusion of fat-free mass instead of total body weight and a maturation function on fludarabine clearance. The refined popPK model is expected to improve dosing recommendations for children younger than 2 years and patients with higher body mass index. Given the consistency of fludarabine clearance and exposure across its multiple days of administration, therapeutic drug monitoring is not likely to improve targeted exposure attainment.
Brooks, J.T.; Solans, B.P.; Lu, Y.; Kharbanda, S.; Dvorak, C.C.; Lalefar, N.; Long, S.; Gupta, A.O.; Horn, B.; Lamba, J.K.; Huang, L.; Apsel-Winger, B.; Keizer, R.J.; Savic, R.; Long-Boyle, J. Prospective Validation and Refinement of a Population Pharmacokinetic Model of Fludarabine in Children and Young Adults Undergoing Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Pharmaceutics 2022, 14, 2462. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics14112462